Forms of Co-operatives

The Act provides for the registration of the following forms of co-operatives:

  •  ‘‘primary co-operative’’ which is a co-operative formed by a minimum of five natural persons whose object is to provide employment or services to its members and to facilitate community development;
  • ‘‘secondary co-operative’’ which is a co-operative formed by two or more primary co-operatives to provide sectoral services to its members, and may include juristic persons;
  • ‘‘tertiary co-operative’’ which is a co-operative whose members are secondary co-operatives and whose object is to advocate and engage organs of state, the private sector and stakeholders on behalf of its members, and may also be referred to as a co-operative apex;
  • ‘‘Agricultural Co-operative’’ - a co-operative that produces, processes or markets agricultural products and supplies agricultural inputs and services to its members;
  • ‘‘Consumer Co-operative’’ - a co-operative that procures and distributes goods or commodities to its members and non-members and provides services to its members;
  • ‘‘Social Co-operative’’ is a non-profit co-operative which engages in the provision of social services to its members, such as care for the elderly, children and the sick;
  • ‘‘Worker Co-operative’’ means a primary co-operative whose main objectives are to provide employment to its members, or a secondary co-operative providing services to primary worker co-operatives
  • ‘‘Services Co-operative’’ means a co-operative that engages in housing, health           care, child care, transportation, communication and other services;
    ‘‘Marketing and Supply Co-operative’’ means a co-operative that engages in the supply of production inputs to members and markets or processes their products, and  also includes an agricultural marketing and supply co-operative;
  • ‘‘Housing Co-operative’’ means a primary co-operative which provides housing to its members, or a secondary co-operative that provides technical sectoral services to primary housing co-operatives;
  • ‘‘Co-operative Burial Society’’, means a co-operative that provides funeral benefits, including funeral insurance and other services to its members and their dependants;
  • ‘‘Financial Services Co-operative’’ means a primary co-operative whose main objective is to provide financial services to its members or a secondary co-operative that provides financial services to a primary co-operative;